Precision fitness: how unlocking your DNA can change the way to train and your diet
We’ve all been embarrassed by a relative as they’ve told us that we look “just like your father when he was your age” or that we’ve “got your mothers eyes”. Statements like these are hardly surprising when you understand how DNA works. DNA is the molecule of hereditary – it is the biological information that we inherit from our parents that influences how we look, grow and develop.
Since the 13-year long project of mapping the human genome was completed in 2003, our understanding how can harness our DNA’s influence has grown exponentially. DNA analysis can be used to solve crimes, reconnect long lost relatives, or identify an individual’s risk of certain health issues. And now the same technology can be used to utilise exercise and nutrition.
Relating DNA and fitness
The primary function of DNA is to regulate for the production of proteins. You don’t just consume proteins through your diet, your body also creates them as they are required for a number of biological processes. Genes are specific regions of the DNA that hold the instructions for creating these proteins.
Whilst we all have the same number of genes, approximately 24,000, there are different versions of these genes that behave quite differently regards to their individual protein production. Through DNA analysis, you can get an insight into your own personal protein profile to understand what workout, nutrition and lifestyle strategies you should follow to maximise the effects of these proteins.
Traits influenced by DNA
There are a number of exercise, nutrition and lifestyle traits that can provide insight into how to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of your workouts and diet:
Muscle fibre profile
Are you a speed or endurance athletes, and how should your workouts reflect this?
Do you respond best to high volume, low intensity workouts or low-volume, high intensity workouts?
How quickly should you perform each rep to elicit the desired and metabolic damage and growth?
How many grams of fibre do you need to consume per day to maintain a proper digestive health and insulin function?
Do you have an increased sensitivity to saturated fat and need to limit your intake?
When should you consume proteins throughout the day to help control appetite and avoid overeating?
How does your circadian rhythm affect the quality of your sleep?
Are you a fast or slow metaboliser of caffeine?
Craving sweet snacks
Is your sweet tooth a genetic trait that you’ve inherited?
Unlocking your personal DNA
All these questions, can be answered by further knowledge of your DNA. This will soon be available at the USN Bolton Arena. Keep a look out for further information.